Electronics Assembly Knowledge, Vision & Wisdom
Electroplated Copper Filling of Through Holes
Electroplated Copper Filling of Through Holes
This paper discusses a through hole copper filling process for applications of high density interconnects and IC substrates.
Production Floor

Authored By:
Kesheng Feng, Bill DeCesare, Jim Watkowski
MacDermid, Waterbury, CT

Mike Yu
MacDermid Taiwan Technical Center

Don DeSalvo
MacDermid Suzhou Technical Center
,{url:'http://www.circuitinsight.com/videos/programs_final.mp4'}], clip:{autoBuffering:true, autoPlay:true, scaling:'scale' } }).ipad();
Summary
This paper discusses a through hole copper filling process for application to high density interconnects constructions and IC substrates. The process consists two acid copper plating cycles. The first cycle uses periodic pulse reverse electroplating to form a bridge in the middle of the hole, followed by direct current electroplating to fill the resultant vias formed during the bridge cycle. This process can provide defect-free filled holes with total plated copper on the surface below 25 um, with dimple less than 5 um for boards with core thickness of 0.2 mm and 0.25 mm. This process was designed to be deployed in specially constructed vertical continuous platers (VCP), thus reducing capital equipment compared to horizontal conveyorized electroplaters.

The chemical components, copper, acid and additive, for periodic pulse reverse plating cycle, are optimized via experimental conditions selected from DOE (design of experiments) software. Critical parameters are identified and the impact on cavity formation during the bridging step is quantified. The additive and copper concentrations play key roles in reducing defects during bridge formation and on the resultant via formation.

A high performance via-filling process is used to fill the formed vias, with less than 5 micron dimple depth, while depositing approximately 12 microns on the surface. The thin surface copper enables fine line resolution without the need for planarization or grinding. The mechanical properties of the plated deposit meet or exceed all IPC standards.

This process is applicable to both laser-drilled X shape through holes and mechanically drilled straight holes. Laser-drilled through holes are bridged faster than mechanically drilled holes. However, mechanically drilled holes show a lower tendency for drilling induced defects, especially at the smaller hole diameters of 0.1mm. This process has shown capability to fill through-holes in thicker cores of 0.4 mm to 0.8 mm, where further investigation continues.
Conclusions
A through-hole copper filling technology for application to high density interconnect constructions and IC substrates was demonstrated. The process consists of two acid copper plating cycles. The first cycle is periodic pulse reverse electroplating to form a bridge in the middle of the hole, followed by direct current electroplating to fill the resultant double vias formed during the bridge cycle. This process can provide defect-free filled through hole with solid copper. The mechanical properties of the plated deposit meet or exceed all IPC standards.
Initially Published in the IPC Proceedings
Submit A Comment

Comments are reviewed prior to posting. Please avoid discussion of pricing or recommendations for specific products. You must include your full name to have your comments posted. We will not post your email address.

Your Name


Company


E-mail


Country


Comments


Authentication

Please type the number displayed into the box. If you receive an error, you may need to refresh the page and resubmit the information.



Related Programs
bullet RF Capacitor Material for Use in Printed Circuit Board
bullet BGA Components and Coplanarity
bullet The Effects of PCB Fabrication on High-Frequency Electrical Performance
bullet Electronics Manufacturing by Inkjet Printing
bullet HASL vs. Immersion Gold
bullet Opening Eyes on Fiber Weave and CAF
bullet Study of Various PCBA Surface Finishes
bullet Advances in Conductive Inks Across Multiple Applications
bullet Long Term Thermal Reliability of Printed Circuit Board Materials
bullet Flexible Circuit Materials for High Temperature Applications
More Related Programs
About | Advertising | Contact | Directory | Directory Search | Directory Submit | Privacy | Programs | Program Search | Sponsorship | Subscribe | Terms

Circuit Insight
6 Liberty Square #2040, Boston MA 02109 USA

Jeff Ferry, Publisher | Ken Cavallaro, Editor/Business Manager

Copyright © Circuitnet LLC. All rights reserved.
A Circuitnet Media Publication