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Embedded Fibers Enhance Nano-Scale Interconnections
Embedded Fibers Enhance Nano-Scale Interconnections
This paper introduces the use of embedded fibers in the interconnections of chip-to-chip and chip-to-package components.
Materials Tech

Materials Tech programs cover topics including:
Adhesives, Chemicals, Cleaning Solutions, Coatings, Components, Design, Embedded Technology, Fasteners, Finishes, Flex Circuits, Flip Chip, Fluxes, PC Fab, Solders, Solder Masks, Solder Paste and more.
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Authored By:
V. Desmaris, S. Shafiee, A. Saleem, A. Johansson, P. Marcoux
Smoltek AB, Gothenberg Sweden

Summary
While the density of chip-to-chip and chip-to-package component interconnections increases and their size decreases the ease of manufacture and the interconnection reliability are being reduced. This paper will introduce the use of embedded fibers in the interconnections as a means of addressing these issues.

Flip chips bumps are evolving from large solder balls down to small thin copper pillars. Some copper pillars are solder capped and use a thermo-compression reflow attachment process. Smaller diameter copper pillars, while desirable by users, present a significant challenge to assemblers and reliability issues for end-users.
Nanostructures in the form of carbon nano-tubes have been evaluated for years.

The recently created a means of growing metallic carbon nano-fibers, CNF's, to micro bumps which are solderable. When embedded with solder the fiber bumps produce robust component interconnections which can be less than 10 um in diameter and up to 20 um high. Attachment of the fiber micro bumps uses conventional thermo-compression bonding.
Results from the most recent evaluations will be presented indicating electrical performance and showing ease of manufacture resulting of such solder coated carbon nano-fiber micro bumps.

Conclusions
As solder joints get smaller their reliability and fatigue life drops. Adding carbon nano fibers and combining with the solder significantly enhances the fatigue life of the solder joints.

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